X-rays can be used to detect abnormalities and changes in the bone and joints. Wear, fractures, inflammations or tumours become visible in this way. Images of the skeleton at rest and functional images of the spine and joints also provide an informative overview of the biomechanics of the body.
Computer Tomography (CT)
Computer Tomography (CT) is a special form of X-ray examination to create sectional images of the body, which enable a lifelike representation of the joints, bones and any anomalies. The accuracy of computer tomography is a great advantage in the diagnosis of injuries, the localisation of tumours, or the detailed planning of surgical procedures.
Magnetic Resonance Tomography (MRT)
Contrary to CT, magnetic resonance tomography (MRT) uses strong magnetic fields to produce a cross-sectional image of the body, and serves the detection of anomalies in joints, intervertebral discs or the spinal canal. Since electrical devices can be damaged in this magnetic field, an MRT examination is unsuitable for patients with cardiac pacemakers.
In Scintigraphy, radioactive substances are injected into the body and made visible with the aid of a gamma camera to help detect changes in bones, ligaments and muscles. Unclear findings and suspected cases, such as a loosened endoprosthesis, are clarified thanks to this method. The radiation exposure is usually lower with this examination method than with comparable X-ray examinations.
In orthopaedics, laboratory tests are carried out primarily to clarify a wide variety of pathologies such as inflammation, rheumatism or bone metabolic disorders.